[224][225] In 1995, the legislature modified Chapter 921 to provide that felons should serve at least 85% of their sentence. The Florida legislature also refused to accept additional Federal funding for Medicaid, although this would have helped its constituents at no cost to the state. Petersburg, has had a fairly even breakdown of Republican and Democratic voters. A 2002 study in the American Sociological Review concluded that "if the state's 827,000 disenfranchised felons had voted at the same rate as other Floridians, Democratic candidate Al Gore would have won Florida—and the presidency—by more than 80,000 votes."[213]. English usage is about as common in the state as it is nationwide where an average of 91.5% of the 5 and older population only speaks English, or speak it very well. Wakulla County was established on March 11, 1843, from a segment of Leon County. And of the 13.5% of Americans who are foreign-born, 48.8% have become naturalized U.S. citizens. Read more During such period, it has voted for a losing candidate only twice. [217] The ease of receiving payments under this law is seen as precipitating a major increase in insurance fraud. Each school district has an elected Board of Education that sets policy, budget, goals, and approves expenditures. Florida was made a territory in 1822 with essentially its present boundaries, and was admitted as a State on March 3, 1845. [citation needed] The Everglades, an enormously wide, slow-flowing river encompasses the southern tip of the peninsula. Current claims suggest that around two thirds of residents were born in another state  – a statistic that is the second highest in the US. After meetings beginning in June, rebels overcame the garrison at Baton Rouge (now in Louisiana), and unfurled the flag of the new republic: a single white star on a blue field. [296] Jacksonville is also noteworthy for its collection of Mid-Century modern architecture. [167][168], In 1988, English was affirmed as the state's official language in the Florida Constitution. The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among asian people with a rate of 49.26%. [17], The climate of Florida is tempered somewhat by the fact that no part of the state is distant from the ocean. Other urban areas in the state with a population of more than one million are Tampa Bay, Orlando, and Jacksonville. These have become known as the Fair District Amendments. [105] All three mangrove species flower in the spring and early summer. As of January 1, 2017[update], Florida's minimum wage was $5.08 for tipped positions, and $8.10 for non-tipped positions, which was higher than the federal rate of $7.25. 6861 0 obj <> endobj He named it La Florida in recognition of the verdant landscape and because it was the Easter season, which the Spaniards called Pascua Florida (Festival of Flowers). The marriage between Luisa de Abrego, a free black domestic servant from Seville, and Miguel Rodríguez, a white Segovian, occurred in 1565 in St. Augustine. A study states that it has caused the loss of $4.5 billion between 2006 and 2012. By the early 1800s, Indian removal was a significant issue throughout the southeastern U.S. and also in Florida. Florida is a major golf hub. The state government's primary revenue source is sales tax. [124][125], Much of Florida has an elevation of less than 12 feet (3.7 m), including many populated areas. Almost all major cities are seeing an influx of people moving here, and some of the largest cities in Florida that are growing the fastest are Jacksonville, Cape Coral, Miami, Tampa, and Port St. Lucie. [268], Agriculture is the second largest industry in the state. A spokesperson for the non-profit Insurance Institute said that "Older drivers are more of a threat to themselves."[312]. [20] Florida has a total of 4,510 islands that are ten acres (4 ha) or larger in area. The Miami beach area, close to the continental shelf, is running out of accessible offshore sand reserves. Floridians consumed 21 million gallons of gasoline daily in 2011, ranking it third in national use behind California and Texas. Florida has the longest coastline in the contiguous United States, approximately 1,350 miles (2,170 km), not including the contribution of the many barrier islands. [116] It is estimated that approximately 4% of energy in the state is generated through renewable resources. Nationwide, 86.5% of Americans are native-born. Ying Wang, Research Demographer . [269] Citrus fruit, especially oranges, are a major part of the economy, and Florida produces the majority of citrus fruit grown in the United States.

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