A cross with a long descending arm; a cross-staff.

Roman Catholic and High Anglican depictions of the cross are often crucifixes (see picture inset), in order to emphasize Jesus' sacrifice.

The pre-Christian cross was used as a religious symbol and as an ornament among the Egyptians, Syrians, Greeks, Persians, Europeans, and in some parts of Africa. Used in Scotland's national flag and the naval ensign of the Russian Navy, it is also called the Saltire, the Boundary Cross (because it was used by the Romans as a barrier) and the crux decussata. Constantine I's Labarum is also known as a Chrismon, Chi-Rho (from the two Greek letters that make it up), or a monogram of the name Jesus Christ. ^ par. It was later adopted by the Christians in Egypt where its use became common. Used throughout Native American culture to represent the great Medicine Wheel of life. The word can nowadays refer to the geometrical shape unrelated to its Christian significance from the fifteenth century. In the Latin alphabet, the letter X and the minuscule form of t are crosses. The cross of the savior Jesus Christ in red, the sign of martyrdom and glory.

Canterbury cross. During the first three centuries of the Christian era the cross was "a symbol of minor importance" when compared to the prominence given to it later, but by the second century it was closely associated with Christians, to the point where Christians were mocked as "adorers of the gibbet" (crucis religiosi), an accusation countered by Tertullian. This is an example of the integration of religious traditions. One of the twelve great feasts in the Eastern Orthodox Church is the Exaltation of the Cross on September 14, which commemorates the consecration of the basilica on the site where the (allegedly) original cross of Jesus was discovered in 326 C.E. The fork, shaped like the letter Y. For example, the great Cathedrals and Abbeys that were built in Europe during the Middle Ages were usually designed in the shape of the cross.

Besides, many Christians, especially Catholics, make the sign of the cross during worship. The cross as a Christian symbol or "seal" came into use at least as early as the second century (see "Apost.

It is also the logo for the Knights and Dames of the Holy Sepulcher of Jerusalem. The flag depicts a Jerusalem cross, adopted during the reign of George V of Georgia who drove out the Mongols from Georgia in 1334. III, 1889, p. 18, pl.

The bearing cross of the Lebanese Christians, the sign of their suffering throughout history.

Illustrated is the blazon "Azure, a cross Or" (that is, a gold cross on a blue shield). Around his neck is an almost perfect Maltese cross. History shows that the cross was used centuries before Christ. Used in the Eastern Orthodox Church.

(Exodus 20:4, 5; 1 Corinthians 10:14)  With very good reason, therefore, true Christians do not use the cross in worship. The swastika has also been interpreted as the mystic representation of lightning or of the god of the tempest, and even the emblem of the Aryan pantheon and the primitive Aryan civilization. It is a symbol used by the Commonwealth War Graves Commission at the site of many war memorials. The cross, found in many cultures and religions of the world, is an ancient human symbol that has become closely connected with the religion of Christianity, where it is associated with the crucifixion of Jesus. Even the early Christians of North Africa rejected the … Although Christians accepted that the cross was the gallows on which Jesus died, they had already begun in the 2nd century to use it as a Christian symbol. Thus, began a long history of the cross' association with battle. Crosses are a prominent feature of Christian cemeteries, either carved on gravestones or as sculpted stelas.

A cross with the ends of the arms flory (or fleury), having a shape like a fleur-de-lys. Generally, a cross is a geometrical figure consisting of two bars that run perpendicular to each other. [5] In later times, the Egyptian Christians (Copts), attracted by its form, and perhaps by its symbolism, adopted it as the emblem of the cross (Gayet, "Les monuments coptes du Musée de Boulaq" in "Mémoires de le mission française du Caire," VIII, fasc. In the fourth century, however, pagan Emperor Constantine became a convert to apostate Christianity and promoted the cross as its symbol. stauros', xy'lon), gradually replacing rood, ultimately from Latin crux, via Old Irish cros.

However, despite the tremendous influence of the cross on the history, theology, and art of Christianity, it is also true that the cross has been associated with episodes of violence, slavery, and racism. The top line is said to represent the headboard, and the bottom, slanted line represents the footrest, wrenched loose by Jesus' writhing in intense agony. Several other forms of Chrismons exist. Before the death of Jesus on the cross, the cross was used privately among Christians.

The diagonal cut at the base of the cross symbolizes the strength of the Lebanese Christians’ will, and their determination to keep the cross planted in their region of the world.

It is shaped like the letter T. Francis of Assisi used it as his signature. For this reason, the tau cross is sometimes referred to as the Egyptian cross. It is the most common symbol of Christianity, intended to represent the redeeming martyrdom of Jesus when he was crucified on the True Cross in the New Testament. This geometrical figure has numerous uses in architecture, mathematics, art, religion, and culture. This cross receives its name from Coptic Christianity, which centered around Alexandria, Egypt. The New Catholic Encyclopedia admits: “The cross is found in both pre-Christian and non-Christian cultures.” Various other authorities have linked the cross with nature worship and pagan sex rites.

One of two possibilities: Either a natural cross made of living vines and branches.

The four smaller crosses are said to symbolize either the four books of the Gospel or the four directions in which the Word of Christ spread from Jerusalem. In the Eastern Orthodox Church, this cross is sometimes seen with an additional, slanted bar near the foot of the cross (see Byzantine Cross). This article abides by terms of the Creative Commons CC-by-sa 3.0 License (CC-by-sa), which may be used and disseminated with proper attribution. Used in the Anglican Churches.

The Roman Catholic Church adopted the cross symbol at least 600 years after Jesus was supposedly crucified.

The "eight-pointed cross" (with no curved lines). There is no evidence that for the first 300 years after Christ’s death, those claiming to be Christians used the cross in worship. Largest Christian Denominations in the World, Towns With The Lowest Violent Crime Rates In The US, Countries With The Biggest Population Decline. In modern times, the Ku Klux Klan was notorious for using burning crosses to terrorize African-Americans. Along with the Greek cross, it is the most common form, it represents the cross of Jesus' crucifixion.

The cross is often shown in different shapes and sizes, and in many different styles.

tombs at Naqsh-e Rustam, Iran, are carved into the cliff side in the shape of a cross. In heraldry, a "cross triple parted and fretted" (or "treble parted and fretted") is interlaced.

A vast body of evidence shows that the cross was used centuries before the birth of Christianity. Copyright © 2020 Watch Tower Bible and Tract Society of Pennsylvania. Since such a means of execution made the person “a curse,” it would not be proper for Christians to decorate their homes with images of Christ on a cross. 5 For a more detailed discussion of the cross, see pages 89-93 of the book Reasoning From the Scriptures, published by Jehovah’s Witnesses.

The Catholic Church celebrates the feast on the same day and under the same name ("In Exaltatione Sanctae Crucis"), though in English it has been called the feast of the Triumph of the Cross. Const."  |  There was… [1] Nevertheless, despite its sublime theological meaning, it remains a fact that the Christian cross still evokes mixed reactions in the world today, and continues to be interpreted in different ways.

Earliest known example is a picture in a manuscript from the ninth century; by the tenth century they were commonly used, but the earliest extant altar cross is from the twelfth century located at Great Lavra on. It is not known when the first cross image was made. The shape of the cross also influenced the development of Christian architecture. It is not known when the first cross image was made. Also known as the cross barby or arrow cross, this symbol consists of two double-ended arrows in a cross configuration. When making the sign, the people touch their forehead, chest, and then each shoulder. Many Christians all over the world wear the cross on their necklaces, bracelets, rings, items of clothing, and key chains. staurós designated a pointed, vertical wooden stake firmly fixed in the ground. In a cross moline, the ends of the arms are split and curved back. Has all arms of equal length.

Why, then, was this pagan symbol promoted?

What Does the Bible Really Teach. A Greek cross with arms that taper into the center.

It is told that the cross was made by Brigid, daughter of a Pagan King from reeds to be used as an instrument of conversion.

In Unicode, it is U+2020(.

The vertical and horizontal axis of the cross also represent the two most important teachings of Jesus: that one should love of God (represented by the vertical dimension of the cross) and one's neighbor (represented by the horizontal dimension). XXXI-XXXII and LXX-LXXI).

27, and elsewhere).

In the all-natural version, it refers to the legend that Jesus' cross was made from the.

In Christian use, the ends of this cross resemble the barbs of fish hooks, or fish spears. In Christian theology, the cross symbolizes God's self-sacrificing love (agape).

The swastika, called crux gammata, composed of four Greek capitals of the letter gamma, is marked on many early Christian tombs as a veiled symbol of the cross.

Stepped cross. in accordance with New World Encyclopedia standards.

Today it is often associated with anti-Christian or Satanic groups and some heavy metal artists, such as King Diamond. Denotes a glorification of the cross, this form was inspired by the cult of the cross that arose after. The Christian cross as a Christian symbol has its roots in ancient paganism. The apostle Paul says: “Christ purchased us, releasing us from the curse of the Law by becoming a curse instead of us, because it is written: ‘Accursed is every man hung upon a stake [“a tree,” King James Version].’” (Galatians 3:13) Here Paul quotes Deuteronomy 21:22, 23, which clearly refers to a stake, not a cross.

Also known as a "Grapevine cross" and traditionally ascribed to Saint Nino, the fourth century female baptizer of the Georgians, it is used as a symbol of the Georgian Orthodox Church.

So a simple beam was sunk into the ground.

Also known as the anchored cross or mariner's cross.

Used as a symbol for medical care in most of the world, the Red Crescent being used in Islamic countries and the Magen David Adom in Israel.

. They are known as the "Persian crosses.". The ancient Egyptian hieroglyphic symbol of life—the ankh, a tau cross surmounted by a loop and known as crux ansata —was adopted and extensively used on Coptic Christian monuments.

Maltese cross. An X-shaped cross associated with St. Andrew, patron of Scotland, and so a national symbol of that country. A symbol of the Anglican and Episcopal Churches. During the first two centuries of Christianity, the cross may have been rare in Christian iconography, as it depicts a purposely painful and gruesome method of public execution. The crucifixion and death of Jesus on the cross conferred a new significance to the use of the cross in Christianity. However, the cross symbol was already associated with Christians by the second century, as is indicated in the anti-Christian arguments cited in the Octavius of Minucius Felix, chapters IX and XXIX.

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