Still, as age barriers are lifted and the benefits are realized, it is unlikely that society would return to age discrimination. Communities are being designed with the express purpose of integrating the generations; and colleges are affiliating with nearby retirement communities. Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. social categories lead to social identities. In the 1970s, splendid treatments of this topic were published by Gusta Rehn, Fred Best, Anne-Marie Guillemard, Martin Kohli, Jack Habib, Charlotte Nusberg, and others. When biases against older people are diminished, it will free them to make many more important contributions to society. As one small example, if old people read to children from Mother Goose or stories from the Bible or Shakespeare, this transmission of the heritage from their generation could provide images and figures of speech to aid communication among generations. Second, there have been major changes in the work careers that typically anchored the middle Society expected teachers to be experts on a particular age group, family members to specialize in different kinds of work, and people to move through major life roles in a fixed pattern. assumptions are: disengagement is good-it is good for older people to 'pull back' because it is gratifying. People of different ages have been reared differently, and have lived through different historical forces and fads that have shaped them. Widespread economic and technological changes could fundamentally alter the way societies organize work. Consider also the unprecedented heterogeneity of these many age strata—heterogeneity not only in number and size (cf. Riley, M. W.; Kahn, R. L.; and Foner, A., eds. "Age Integration or Age Conflict as Society Ages?" Oxford University Press is a department of the University of Oxford. For individuals, the implication of age heterogeneity is "cross-age interaction." what are the assumptions and propositions of continuity theory. Foner, A. Moreover, there are scattered tendencies for age barriers to become relaxed in other structures: for example, in work (where, in the United States, a large minority of high school students have jobs), and in the family (where kinship boundaries now embrace great-grandparents, even great-great-grandparents). 1(Riley, M. W., Foner, & Riley, J. W., 1999; Riley, M. W., & Riley, J. W., 1994). Even the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services is urging employees to spend one lunch hour a week reading a book one-on-one with a first- to sixth-grade student. Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Changes in age flexibility (A) and age heterogeneity (B) are unpredictable, and each of the two will influence the other in unknown ways. The company did not offer retirement benefits. goals have costs and rewards. The developing conceptualization of age integration, as now widely accepted, has been aided by the two "ideal types" of social structure schematized in Fig. The Gerontologist 40 (2000): 266–270. Consider the fact that, for the first time in history, the people alive at any one time now include remarkably large numbers in the strata aged 65 to 100 or more. For instance, people can choose to be friends with people their own age even in a company that has broken down formal age barriers. For individuals, the implication of these flexible criteria is that "flexible lives" are possible. The social problems caused by age segregation could be solved by a trend back toward age integration, though in a way that fits the realities of twenty-first-century life. To what extent might flexible age criteria provide more equitable opportunities to people of all backgrounds and creeds? Perhaps most apparent are changes in education. We see college students teaching fifth-graders or isolated old folks; people in nursing homes teaching kindergartners; younger workers learning from experienced elders or, in turn, teaching high-tech skills to their elders; grandparents and grandchildren socializing each other; or "intergenerational partnerships" in which school children and older people interact in institutional settings.
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