in the source, but any of this type may have been too small for a 15ft instrument. "transfer of instruments in the secondary positions" to the C.T. Initially kept as a gunnery training ship, the needed demand for ships led to her being heavily refitted in the british fleet overhaul of 1934, alongside the QE-class battleships.

On 22 March, she repeated the exercise with help from aircraft from Pegasus while steaming with Lion and Princess Royal ahead against a 145 foot target while steaming at full speed and turning, firing 31 of 32 permitted rounds in six minutes of firing. HMS Tiger was a battlecruiser of the Royal Navy and the eleventh ship to bear that name. The times used in this article are in UTC, which is one hour behind CET, which is often used in German works. The only contact came in the evening when Tyrwhitt sighted the High Seas Fleet, but he was unable to achieve an advantageous attack position before dark, and broke off contact. [29] Before paying off she participated in the Spring Cruise of the Atlantic Fleet. Pelly Service Record. I realise that a newly-commissioned ship in her first action has many difficulties to contend with, and I am quite ready to make the fullest allowance for them. High-tensile steel was used for the protective decks.

an inference supported by John Brooks in an email dated March 28 2008. crossed out from one section and pencilled in in another in. [45], By 1918, the desire for torpedo control rangefinders was so keen that an additional 9-foot instrument was ordered. Palliser Service Record. This page was last modified on 8 May 2020, at 10:36. He also hoisted "Attack the rear of the enemy" on the other halyard although there was no connection between the two signals. [15] On the tenth the Commander-in-Chief, Grand Fleet, Admiral Sir John R. Jellicoe, wrote to Lord Fisher, the First Sea Lord, objecting to the removal of a battle cruiser from his command: On the 13th Vice-Admiral Sir David R. Beatty, Vice-Admiral Commanding the First Battle Cruiser Squadron referred in a letter to Jellicoe to "TIGER being as yet unfit" to take the place of Princess Royal, detached. Tiger was hit a total of 18 times during the battle, mostly by shells fired by Moltke, suffering 24 men killed and 46 wounded. (NOE/5). A few minutes earlier, Scheer had ordered a simultaneous 180° starboard turn, and Beatty lost sight of them in the haze. By 16:25, the range was down to 14,400 yards (13,200 m) and Beatty turned two points to starboard to open the range again. A 12-foot (3.7 m) rangefinder was fitted in the fore-top and three 9-foot (2.7 m) instruments were fitted on 'B' turret, the gun control tower and above the compass platform. Hamilton Papers. Roberts, John Arthur (1978). [22] Vice-Admiral Sir F. D. Doveton Sturdee, commanding the Fourth Battle Squadron, told his Rear-Admiral, Alexander L. Duff of the relief, who noted in his diary: Tiger practiced at least twice in early 1918.[24]. to send back the deflection and intended firing range to the secondary T.C.O. HMS Tiger was a battlecruiser of the Royal Navy and the eleventh ship to bear that name. Beatty ordered Indomitable to attack her at 10:48. Captain Henry B. Pelly was appointed in command on 3 August, closely followed by Commander Henry G. Sherbrooke as Commander on the sixth and Commander Edward R. Jones as Navigating Officer on the eighth. 2. The National Archives. and receivers in T.C.T. rangefinder, a 9-foot Barr and Stroud Rangefinder of unknown model, sat on an M.V. After her repairs were completed, Tiger served as the temporary flagship of the 1st Battlecruiser Squadron while Lion was under repair. [44], The roof of 'Q' turret after a German 28 cm (11.0 in) shell hit during the Battle of Jutland, This was later characterised as the "Run to the South" as Beatty changed course to steer east-southeast at 3:45, now paralleling Hipper's course less than 18,000 yards (16,000 m) away. The Grand Fleet sailed with 29 dreadnought battleships and six battlecruisers. Mark III instruments sent range and deflection data to gun sights, while Barr and Stroud (probably Mark II*[Inference]) instruments were used elsewhere. Limited "slit space" in the C.T. [33] After the Battle of Coronel and the deployment of three battlecruisers to hunt for the German East Asia Squadron, Tiger was ordered to cut short her firing trials off Berehaven[34] and was commissioned into the 1st Battlecruiser Squadron (1st BCS) two months later, on 3 October,[31] and began trials and working up. Tiger next participated in the Battle of Jutland in 1916, where she was only lightly damaged despite suffering many hits by German shells. The National Archives. The German objective was to bombard Sunderland on the 19th, with extensive reconnaissance provided by airships and submarines. "Naval, Military, and Air Force" (Official Appointments and Notices). The steam came from no less than by 39 Babcock & Wilcox water-tube boilers. [47], After her repairs were completed, Tiger served as the temporary flagship of the 1st Battlecruiser Squadron while Lion was under repair.

three 9-ft in "B" turret, in G.C.T. It thinned to four inches towards the ship's ends, but did not reach either the bow or the stern. Dewar Service Record. and T.C.T. [24], Fire-control technology advanced quickly during the years immediately preceding the First World War and the development of the director firing system was a major advance. [66] The same year saw her undergo a minor refit during which a flying-off platform for a Sopwith Camel was mounted on 'Q' turret and a searchlight platform was added to her third funnel. HMS Tiger was given two paired Brown-Curtis direct-drive steam turbines. "[60], Tiger was fitted with a cam-type, tripod-mounted director in a light aloft tower along with a directing gun in "Q" turret. [24], Tiger was laid down at the John Brown and Company shipyard in Clydebank on 6 June 1912. It seems that supplies of sights were insufficient to meet this goal, however. [31], "Tiger-class battlecruiser" redirects here. Upon Hood's return to service in 1931, Tiger was decommissioned and sold for scrap in 1932 in accordance with the terms of the London Naval Treaty of 1930. Boyle was subjected to a Court Martial and successfully defended himself against a charge of having hazarded the ship. Diary entry of 7 March, 1915. Around 16:00, Indefatigable was hit around the rear turret by two or three shells from Von der Tann. The British battlecruisers turned north, then north-east, to try to rendezvous with the main body of the Grand Fleet, and at 17:40 opened fire again on their German counterparts. Tiger next participated in the Battle of Jutland in 1916, where she was only lightly damaged despite suffering many hits by German shells. Guns could only be directed by the director on their broadside.

Hipper's battlecruisers spotted the Battlecruiser Fleet to their west at 3:20 p.m., but Beatty's ships did not see the Germans to their east until 3:30. Druhý zamýšlený kus této třídy, HMS Leopard, nebyl nikdy objednán. Cameron Service Record. They generally ranged from 1 to 1.5 inches (25 to 38 mm) in thickness. "[36], On 23 January 1915, a force of German battlecruisers under the command of Admiral Franz von Hipper sortied to clear the Dogger Bank of any British fishing boats or small craft that might be there to collect intelligence on German movements. The primary director was in the fore-top on the foremast and the other was mounted on the aft superstructure in the torpedo control tower. My chief aim is to ensure that our next action shall be a complete success. They had two speed settings which governed their range; at 45 knots (83 km/h; 52 mph), they could reach 4,500 yards (4,100 m), or 10,750 yards (9,830 m) at 29 knots (54 km/h; 33 mph). High-tensile steel torpedo bulkheads 1.5 to 2.5 inches (38 to 64 mm) thick were fitted abreast the magazines and shell rooms. Letters inviting tenders were sent to ten firms on 21 December, 1911. [16] The gun had a maximum elevation of +90° and fired a 12.5-pound (5.7 kg) shell at a muzzle velocity of 2,604 ft/s (794 m/s). f. 34. Dates of appointment are provided when known.

[53] Beatty gradually turned towards the east so his ships could cover the Grand Fleet as it deployed into battle formation, but he mistimed his manoeuvre and forced the leading British division further from the Germans. The ship was assigned to the 1st Battlecruiser Squadron (1st BCS) for the duration of the war and participated in the Battle of Dogger Bank in early 1915, though she was still shaking down and did not perform well. However, the British had altered course to the south, allowing the Grand Fleet to cross Scheer's "T" and inflict damage on the leading German ships. This consisted of a fire-control director mounted high in the ship which electrically provided elevation and training angles to the turrets via pointers, which the turret crewmen had only to follow. In Preston, Antony. It was based on that used on the Japanese battlecruiser Kongo,[25] the only design influence on Tiger that can be attributed to the Japanese ship. It is not to be confused with, British naval ship classes of the First World War. [54] If and when so fitted, her installation would likely have resembled that of the Queen Mary, [Inference] with transmitting positions at, In 1917, it was approved that capital ships of Dreadnought class and later should have Evershed equipment added to their C.T., able to communicate with either the fore top or the G.C.T.. [75], In 1916, it was decided that instruments were to be provided so that the fore top could be equally able to control gunnery as the G.C.T..[76], In 1916, a number of further changes were decided upon:[77]. The ship also fired 136 rounds from her 6-inch guns at the light cruiser Wiesbaden and German destroyers. She provided support for British light forces involved in the Second Battle of Heligoland Bight on 17 November 1917, but never came within range of any German forces. The 1st BCS was echeloned to the right with Tiger in the rear and the furthest to the west, closest to the Germans. English: HMS Tiger was an improved Lion-class battlecruiser commissioned in 1914, the only ship of its class. [3] There is no record however of any additional battlecruiser being provided for in any naval estimates before 1914. Hipper ordered his ships to turn to starboard, away from the British, to assume a south-easterly course, and reduced speed to 18 knots (33 km/h; 21 mph) to allow three light cruisers of the 2nd Scouting Group to catch up. [44], Sometime in 1917 or 1918, the T.C.T. Tiger's repairs were completed on 8 February. It had a maximum effective ceiling of 23,000 ft (7,000 m). The sole (unofficial) figure for Tiger's daily fuel consumption of 1,245 long tons (1,265 t) a day at 24 knots (44 km/h; 28 mph)[12] would have given a maximum endurance of 3,300 nautical miles (6,100 km; 3,800 mi). The National Archives. The top took 14 ranges, "Q" took 4, and I do not see the Argo's alleged contribution recorded.

The leading ships, Lion, Princess Royal and Tiger, were doing 27 knots (50 km/h; 31 mph) in pursuit and Lion opened fire at 8:52 at a range of 20,000 yards (18,000 m). In her refit from 10 November 1916 to 29 January 1917 at Rosyth,[43] a small rangefinder was added over the C.T., and a medium one to the rear of "X" turret which is curiously unmentioned in the same source's description of 1918 equipment. Upon Hood's return to service in 1931, Tiger was decommissioned and sold for scrap in 1932 in accordance with the terms of the London Naval Treaty of 1930. Under the command of Captain Kenneth Dewar in 1928 to 1929, her final commander was Arthur Bedford, and she remained in service with the fleet until Hood came out of refit in early 1931, at which time she was taken out of commission in accordance with the terms of the London Naval Treaty.

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